About The Great Pyramid Of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest pyramid ever built. It is also known as the Great Pyramid of Khufu. It is the largest of three pyramids built next to each other in El Giza, Egypt. It is the last remaining man-made building that was considered one of the "Seven Wonders of the Ancient World." It was built 4,500 years ago and is still standing tall. It took about 20 years to build and required over two million blocks of stone. Each block weighs on average 2 1/2 tons. The blocks are about the same size as a large pickup truck.
The pyramid is a whopping 455 feet high! If you took 1 1/2 football fields and stood them straight up, that's how tall the Great Pyramid is. It actually used to be 30 feet taller, but over time most of the smooth "casing stones" on the outside wore away. This amazing structure was built by hand without any modern machinery. It is one of the most incredible man-made structures in the history of the world.
The Great Pyramid is located on the Giza plateau in Egypt. It is on the west bank of the longest river in the world called the Nile just a few miles south of Egypt's largest city, Cairo. Throughout history, Egyptians built many cities and monuments along the Nile River.
For centuries, people have been trying to figure out how the pyramids were actually built. For a long time people thought that slaves built the Pyramids of Giza. Most scholars today don't believe that is true. Experts now think it was done using 20,000 to 30,000 workers who were paid to work, not slaves.
The workers who built the pyramids had to cut the stones out of what is called a quarry. Many men at a time would take chisels and hammers and pound at the rocks until they were cut into stone blocks. The blocks were massive. Teams of men would then pull the stones to the construction site. It might have taken up to 170 men to pull each block by ropes over logs so they would roll. Once they got the stones to the construction site they were assembled to make the pyramid.
Why Was the Great Pyramid Built?
Pyramids were built in Ancient Egypt as tombs for Egyptian pharaohs, or kings. A tomb is where someone is burried after they die. The Egyptian Pharaoh named Khufu ordered this great pyramid to be built for his tomb.
It is believed that pharaohs would begin to design their pyramids as soon as they began their rule. The pharaohs would build the pyramids on the west side of the Nile so that their souls would join with the sun as it was setting. They believed that the pyramids made them immortal, which means that they would live forever. Ancient Egyptians believed in an afterlife, so it was very important for them to protect the bodies of their pharaohs. In order to keep the body of the pharaoh safe, the insides of the pyramids were like mazes with secret doors and dead-end passages. The pharaoh would be near the bottom or even underground. Other rooms contained things like jewelry, gold, statues, and furniture that the Pharaoh might want in their next life.
Inside the Great Pyramid
- There are three known chambers inside the Great Pyramid—King’s chamber, Queen’s chamber, and an unfinished chamber.
- The interior temperature of the Pyramid equals the average temperature of the earth, 68 degrees Fahrenheit.
- An amazing ancient cedar-wood boat was found sealed in a pit at the base of the Great Pyramid. It was in pieces, but scientists reassembled it. Nobody knows why the boat was in the pyramid.